* Bechuanaland was a protectorate in southern Africa which became the Republic of Botswana in 1966. Inspired by a meeting with Mary’s father, who had founded the Kuruman mission station, he was passionate about his chosen task, which was to convert African people to Christianity. I reached out to a handful of them and opened discussions that led to the recording of a new podcast, My Natural Habitat. She has a double claim to honour as the wife of Robert Moffat and the mother of Mrs. Livingstone. Written by Jo Woolf, RSGS Writer-in-Residence. At Chonuane, 40 miles to the north, Livingstone had struck up a relationship with Sechele, the chief of the Bakwena. Livingstone had originally intended to work in China but changed his mind under Moffat's influence and stayed for a while at Kuruman and, in 1845, at the disapproval of his mother-in-law, married the Moffat's eldest daughter, Mary, as she believed that Livingstone's motives were not as pure as they might be and suspected that he was more intereste… They loved each other deeply and for the next eight years she accompanied him in Africa. This is approximately the length of Shackleton’s tenure as Secretary... "MacInnes will be fondly remembered for his independent spirit, altruism, courage, modesty, and not least for his sense of humour. Moffat was born in Salford in 1795. Marywas born on May 24 1795, in … Mary Moffat born Mary Smith (1795 – 9 January 1871) was a British missionary who became a role model for women involved in missionary work. Little Mary Moffat was consecrated to Africa from her cradle. He and his wife had survived what they believed was a mass poisoning at their mission. Married Dr. Livingstone at Kuruman in 1845. Daughter of Rev. Mary Moffat was the wife of David Livingstone. Mary went out to join him in 1819 and they were married on 27 December at St Georges Church[1] (St. George's Cathedral, Cape Town was not started until 1830). In 1862 her eldest daughter Mary who was married to David Livingstone died of fever and Moffat blamed Livingstone for her death. When Livingstone embarked on his ill-fated quest on the Zambezi, Mary went with him but then had to divert to her parents’ home at Kuruman when she found that she was, once again, pregnant. Mary Moffat (Nee Smith) Short Biography Mary Livingstone (née Moffat; 1821 – 27 April 1862) was the wife of the Scottish Congregationalist missionary David Livingstone. Written by Jo Woolf, RSGS Writer-in-Residence. Collection Title: Great Women of the Christian Faith. Thank you! Would she have changed her mind, if she had? She was seen by Victorian Britain as an ideal missionary wife and role model for Tswana women, but it is unproven whether Africans saw her in this role. Here, he was told about Mosi-oa-Tunya – a spectacular cataract which, in a few years’ time, he would visit in person and re-name Victoria Falls. Robert Moffat admired Livingstone’s energy, and his wife was glad to see the couple happy, although she harboured secret doubts that would soon grow into full-blown anxiety about her daughter’s welfare. But in April 1851 the Livingstone family set off again across the Kalahari. His ambitions were so vast that his family life had to take second place. Perhaps the only consolation is that she was in the arms of her beloved husband, which was all she had ever asked of life. Little Mary Moffat was consecrated to Africa from her cradle. Several weeks later, in the middle of the Mababe Depression, with his children crying from thirst, Livingstone might have agreed with her. 1818, dau. He and his wife, Mary, lived in the same house together only four of the seventeen years of their marriage. For the rest of the time, she must have been fully occupied in keeping the children amused, and kept her worries to herself as they drank muddy water and tried to eke out their food rations as best they could. There will be chance to ask questions of Michael in the live Q&A that follows his presentation. Stonefield) [d. by 1821] 25 Mar. Unable to contain her outrage, she sent a strongly worded letter to her son-in-law, demanding to know what on earth he was doing. Mary Livingstone (née Moffat; 12 April 1821 – 27 April 1862) was the wife of the Scottish Congregationalist missionary David Livingstone. "Scott and Shackleton at the same table, exchanging mild insults over the brandy?" The good minister saw In 1862 her eldest daughter Mary who was married to David Livingstone died of fever and Moffat blamed Livingstone for her death. Mary Moffatt Livingstone was the daughter of the most famous Scottish Christian missionary and then married someone who would eclipse the fame of her father - David Livingstone. For full details see our Privacy Policy. Registered as Charity number SC015599Copyright © 2019 Royal Scottish Geographical Society, Please enter the first line of your address, My Natural Habitat: A Podcast Exploring our Place on Earth, Hazel and Luke Robertson - Reflections on Ice: Antarctica and the Arctic, Isabella Bird: Living with the Cowboys of America's Wild West, Isobel Wylie Hutchison: On the Trail to Aklavik, A Special Anniversary: Scott and Shackleton at the RSGS, Dr Nansen's Visit to Scotland, February 1897, Fridtjof Nansen: The First Crossing of Greenland, Isabella Bird: Playing with Hawaiian Fire, Departing the Island on 'The Edge of the World’, Stop Climate Chaos Scotland: An Interview, Erskine Beveridge: the Dunfermline Geographer. Against the advice of the London Missionary Society Robert Moffat set out for southern Africa in 1816. Robert, Mary and Mary moved to Kuruman in 1824 where the a mission became known as the Moffat Mission. Written by Jo Woolf, RSGS Writer-in-Residence, “. Mary Livingstone (born Moffat)was born on month day1821, at birth place, to Robert Moffatand Mary (Gray) Moffat (born Smith). Her correspondence with people in Britain helped to foster support for the work and the letters are now an important record of life in the interior of Africa. It is hard for us now, with our modern-day meanings and preconceptions, to judge whether he was being condescending or enthusiastic. Mary, at 23, wanted to have a home of her own and expected to be part of a missionary establishment like that of her parents. In the meantime, why not add a profile picture? In view of his austere background and upbringing, Livingstone was never going to gush with romance, and with her own strict principles Mary probably didn’t expect it. Janet Livingstone b. Blantyre, Lanark, Scotland (Neil, tailor at Blantyre Works) [d. 23 Nov. 1895, Edinburgh] 28 Feb. 1821, son Charles Livingstone b. Livingstone was forced to abandon his plans to push north, and the emaciated and exhausted party struggled back to Kolobeng, where their former home was already being consumed by wind-blown dust. In January 1846, their first child, Robert, was born. She was the wife of Robert Moffat, the mother of Mary Moffat Livingstone and David Livingstone was her son-in-law. Livingstone’s solution was simple: he would set off in search of the undiscovered lake, and he would send Mary and the children back to Kuruman. ‘Looking for Mrs Livingstone’ by Julie Davidson; ‘Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa’ by David Livingstone; ‘Livingstone’ by Tim Jeal; Livingstone Online:  http://www.livingstoneonline.org/. Was it not enough, she asked, that he had lost one lovely baby? "Postponing the relevant UN COPs was inevitable, but we need to see them as essential pre-planning, and re-schedule them as soon as circumstance allows," writes Mike Robinson, RSGS Chief Executive. Join Hazel and Luke Robertson – RSGS ‘Explorers in Residence’, Guides for The Polar Academy and a wife-and-husband team brought together by a love of the outdoors – on a journey to some of the world’s wildest places, from Antarctica to the Arctic. The LMS advised that missionaries should be male and married. Though Livingstone’s name is most often attached with the opening of Africa for missions, in many ways, it was Robert and Mary Moffat who provided the scaffold, 50 years in the making, upon which later missionary successes were built. This is an attempt to explain why there are no newspaper cuttings in the RSGS archives from early 1904 until late 1905. Livingstone would become the first European to cross the continent of Africa, blazing a trail west to Loanda in Angola, and then turning around to trace the course of the Zambezi to the Indian Ocean; as a celebrated explorer, he would return to Britain to be received by Queen Victoria, and then he would throw himself back into Africa in search of a trade route up the Zambezi, while attempting to halt the slave trade. Mary herself was seriously ill, suffering from partial paralysis, possibly caused by a stroke, for a while after the birth. Mary Livingstone (née Moffat; 12 April 1821 – 27 April 1862) was the wife of the Scottish Congregationalist missionary David Livingstone.. Your comment is waiting for approval and we will let you know when it goes live. Biography. We will always store your personal details securely. Your comment will be published, subject to approval, after you have confirmed your email address. She did however keep the mission running and she brought up her children to donate their time to good works. Jump to: General, Art, Business, Computing, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Religion, Science, Slang, Sports, Tech, Phrases We found one dictionary with English definitions that includes the word mary moffat livingstone: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "mary moffat livingstone… Robertwas born on December 21 1795, in Ormiston, Haddingtonshire (after 1821 East Lothian), Scotland. December e-newsletter of the RSGS: Michael Palin, Inspiring People at Home, Jeremy Bowen Medal Event, Climate Emergency Summit on Food, GeoQuizzical, "Over the past few years I have been fortunate to meet and be inspired by a host of people interacting with our natural world in extraordinary ways. When Livingstone wrote to an acquaintance that his bride was “a matter-of-fact lady, a little thick, black-haired girl, sturdy and all I want,” he unwittingly laid himself open to decades of fierce criticism. Marriage to a man who shared her faith and her love of Africa seemed the most natural thing in the world. After 14 years, Mike Robinson stepped down from the charity coalition he established: Stop Climate Chaos Scotland. It is named for her daughter who was born in Griquatown, but it also celebrates the mission that this Mary and her husband created in 1803. Livingstone was beside himself with grief, and confided in a friend: “I loved her when I married her, and the longer I lived with her the more I loved her.” Mary was buried at Chupanga, on the bank of the Zambezi; then, with grim determination, Livingstone summoned the courage to continue his quest. Written by Jo Woolf, RSGS Writer-in-Residence. Her daughter Ann was already married to the French missionary Jean Frédoux. She was thought to have spent her time teaching needlework and as a model for Tsana girls to follow. She has been called ‘Livingstone’s greatest asset’, and with good reason…. There was no other option. [1], Moffat and her husband returned to Britain in 1870. Julie Davidson asks whether this was an opening to happiness or the beginning of a long ordeal of exploitation and neglect which only ended with her early death on the banks of the Zambezi. They married in 1845 and had six children: Robert, Agnes, Thomas, Elizabeth, Zouga (William), and Anna. Once again, she was pregnant, and the fear of being apart from him outweighed the challenges that lay in store. [4], Moffat was held by the British as the ideal woman Protestant evangelist. Her father, Robert Moffat, was a Scottish Congregationalist missionary who worked among the Bechuana people at Kuruman. Mary Livingstone (née Moffat; 12 April 1821 – 27 April 1862) was the wife of the Scottish Congregationalist missionary David Livingstone. . Livingstone formerly Moffat. We have sent you an email to verify your account. She was the wife of Robert Moffat, the mother of Mary Moffat Livingstone and David Livingstone was her son-in-law. Mary Morton owned Bynden Wood, her summer home in South Heidelberg, Berks Co, Pa from 1920 until her death in 1932. ." The engagement was put off at one point after she heard of "sexual misbehaviour" amongst missionaries in Africa.[1]. Mary Livingston Ludlow Hall, ER's maternal grandmother, the fourth child of Elizabeth Livingston and Dr. Edward Hunter Ludlow, was born in New York City in 1843. A few months earlier he had travelled north, seeking a suitable site for a new mission station, and he had attempted to shoot and kill a lion which had been terrorising villagers. They lived in Brixton with Henry Vavasseur. Livingstone had decided that he needed a wife to help him in his missionary work. ALAMY Mary Livingstone crossed the Kalahari desert and endured extreme hardship on expeditions with her husband David, but her life was overshadowed by his fame. However, there is little evidence that she was seen in Africa in this way and their missions in Africa created few converts. Privacy Policy and . She is buried in Chapanga, Mozambique. She had been educated in Cape Town, and trained to be a teacher in the mission school. Mary Moffat born Mary Smith (1795 – 9 January 1871) was a British missionary who became a role model for women involved in missionary work. When drought destroyed their crops, they were forced to return to Mary’s family home at Kuruman, where Mary’s gaunt, half-starved appearance shocked the village women to the core. Six children, frequent long absences, sickness and unbelievable hardship was her lot in life. David Livingstone then began exploring parts of Central Africa He felt that in this untapped land there were souls to be saved, and needed no further reason to uproot his young family and move them into a new home. Mary Moffat Livingstone Mary Livingstone (née Moffat ; 12 April 1821 – 27 April 1862) was the wife of the Scottish Congregationalist missionary David Livingstone. In 1848 he installed his young family into a house which resembled a crofter’s cottage with whitewashed walls and a thatched roof. During his convalescence, he became better acquainted with the Moffats’ daughter, and asked her to marry him. After a few weeks at Kuruman, the newlyweds set out on a 12-day trek by ox-drawn wagon to their first home, a mission station at Mabotsa. devoted all her children to the Dark Continent, and was bitterly grieved if any of them turned aside to other work, however noble or worthy. [3] In 1860 she received Richard Price back to the mission. missionary explorer, David Livingstone. 1895; Mary Moffat Livingstone Author: Edith Alderman Deen . Shortly afterwards, she gave birth to a baby girl, whom they named Agnes. She had resolved to be the pillar of support that Livingstone wanted her to be, and she was also determined that no one but her husband would attend the birth of her children. Few of Mary’s journals and letters have survived, but by most accounts she was considered kind, gentle and self-effacing. [1] The children were sent back to England for many years in order that they could be educated. And this time she was not just a passenger: her status as Robert Moffat’s daughter was significant, because her father’s reputation was widely respected among the people whom Livingstone hoped to meet. The first place on the roll of these elect women belongs to Mary Moffat. He was named Oswell, after Livingstone’s long-suffering friend and fellow explorer, William Cotton Oswell. The Livingstones’ sixth and last child, named Anna Mary, was born in 1858. Livingstone had started building this house before he was married; it was located within a fertile valley with its own water supply, and here Mary was able to grow vegetables. “It’s about showing what a region is really like through the eyes of the people who live there.” Explorer Levison Wood speaks to RSGS Writer-in-Residence, Jo Woolf. Tsetse flies and mosquitoes plagued them; although the connection with malaria was not fully understood, Livingstone experimented with quinine tablets, known as ‘rousers’, with limited success. His wife died and the following year Moffat's daughter Elizabeth agreed to become Price's new wife. She died in Brixton in 1871. From Rhodesia's Pioneer Women: Mary Moffatt, 1862 (Mrs David Livingstone). Her father, James Smith, was a native of Perthshire, who had crossed the Border and married Mary Gray, of York, in 1792. Together with cartographer John George Bartholomew, Agnes Livingstone Bruce was a co-founder of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society in 1884. With her health still frail and her grief fresh, Mary could have been forgiven for waving her husband off into the blue yonder and beating a hasty retreat to the comfort of her parents’ home. “Livingstone’s wife is always called Mary Moffat in these parts,” I was told by Hetta Hager, a local historian and curator of the modest Mary Moffat Museum, the oldest building in Griquatown. Coronavirus Update. For her part, Mary was desperate to avoid being separated from her husband, and readily agreed to a journey of around 1,500 miles across the Kalahari. After eight years, Mary Livingstone and the children went to live in England. They were outside Britain's Cape Colony as they created the mission to the Tswana people. "In the case of coronavirus, despite some amount of confusion, at least we now know what an emergency response looks like," writes Mike Robinson, Chief Executive of RSGS. Livingstone's penchant for exploring could not help but affect his family life. She died of malaria in Mozambique. We'll never sell or swap your details with anybody else. While he loved all mountains, his heart was in Scotland". Yet Mary, with her quiet determination and practicality, was by his side during many of his adventures, looking after their children, helping in their engagements with African people, and making the best of life-threatening situations. You are free to change your mind at any time. When she learned of the decision, Mary’s mother was not quite so sanguine. In view of her devotion, Mary’s sorrow at parting can only be imagined. Livingstone, who had been pushing away nightmares of his family dying before his eyes, offered a heartfelt prayer of thanks. Mary's father, Robert Moffat, was a missionary to the Bechuana people at Kuruman. Robert Moffat was being trained by William Roby. However progress was slow and five years later they had not made a single convert. Before dying of its wounds, the lion had savaged Livingstone’s upper arm, and he had gone back to Kuruman to recover. Mary Moffat 1845] 9 Mar. Thank you! He imagined new opportunities and new converts among the Makololo people who lived in that region, and he believed that better relations would ensue if he appeared among them not as a lone traveller but as a family man with a wife and young children. Her father, Robert Moffat, was a Scottish Congregationalist missionary who worked among the Bechuana people at Kuruman. Mary was seven months pregnant by the time they reached Linyanti, where they were the guests of Sebetwane, the chief of the Makololo. Did she realise that she would be risking not only her own life, but the lives of her children? 1816, son Charles Livingstone b. Blantyre, Lanark, Scotland (Neil, tailor at Blantyre Works, 2nd entry states res. Written by Jo Woolf, RSGS Writer-in-Residence, "Shackleton held audiences in the palm of his hand as he described horrifying dangers and deprivations." In this interview with Jo Woolf, he speaks about his lifelong passion for environmental issues and his hopes for the future. Written by Jo Woolf, RSGS Writer-in-Residence, David Livingstone’s name is immortalised in the annals of glorious exploration, but comparatively little is known about his wife, Mary Moffat. Aged 23, she was the African-born daughter of missionaries Robert and Mary Moffat; he was the 31-year-old son of a Sunday school teacher from Blantyre in South Lanarkshire. Mary Moffat was the first of ten children born to Robert Moffat, a Scottish missionary and his wife Mary … Robert and Mary Moffat (1795–1883) (1795–1871) Pioneer in-laws. Celebrities and Notable People Who Have Had Coronavirus. Mary Livingstone Author: John Telford . The journey had proved to Livingstone that the Zambezi held untold potential, but he also knew that he would need several years to fully explore it. Lured, as ever, by the prospect of opening up Africa to trade and Christianity, he started to plan an expedition. The Livingstone's first daughter, Agnes (nicknamed ‘Nannee’) was said to be the closer than her siblings to both parents, and twice visited her mother’s grave. We'll use them to provide the service that you have requested, and communicate with you in the way(s) that you have agreed to. Mary was 41 years old at the time of death. Mary Moffat On 9th January 1845, in the church at Kuruman in Bechuanaland*, Mary Moffat and David Livingstone were married. Written by Jo Woolf, RSGS Writer-in-Residence, "I am forming a plan for getting farther into the mountains . Initially at least, Mary’s parents were supportive of the match. “With the recent eruption of Kilauea in Hawaii, we take a look back at a visit to the volcano by Isabella Bird, 145 years ago…” Written by Jo Woolf, RSGS Writer in Residence. Undeterred by these setbacks, Livingstone decided to abandon Chonuane and pushed forward with plans for another mission station at Kolobeng, on the edge of the Kalahari. When she accompanied her husband Robert on his  journeys, her infant On 9th January 1845, in the church at Kuruman in Bechuanaland*, Mary Moffat and David Livingstone were married. Soon, however, their host died of an illness, and Livingstone realised that widespread fever made this an unsuitable place for a mission station. Her paternal ancestors came from the Midlothian and East Lothian counties of Scotland. Thank you! Writes Collections Volunteer, Kenny Maclean FRSGS. Terms of Service apply. She married Alexander Low Bruce, and their family home was in North Berwick, East Lothian. By submitting this form you are agreeing to our terms and conditions. Just four years later, aged 41, Mary died of malaria. In February 1897, Dr Fridtjof Nansen visited Scotland to address RSGS audiences about his recent expedition towards the North Pole, and to receive the Society’s Gold Medal. There were only two threats to Mary’s domestic bliss: the ever-present menace of lions, and her husband’s increasing restlessness. Birthday: 1821 Date of Death: April 27, 1862 Age at Death: 41. "Beveridge's photographs could be dismissed as a romantic view of Scotland but, as well as castles and mountains, they also capture a historical geography and social history..." writes Bruce Gittings FRSGS. On their return journey, quietly and without complaint, Mary gave birth to a son. They had sent their guides out to look for water, and eventually the men returned with a bottle of foul liquid which they had little choice but to drink. Portrait photograph of Mary Moffat Livingstone (1820-1862), wife of the Scottish missionary, David Livingstone. Robert and Mary's first child, Mary, was born in a grass hut in Griquatown in 1821. But there were other reasons for anxiety: the Christian conversion of the Bakwena people was proving difficult, and meanwhile militant Boer farmers were threatening to evict the missionaries. In 1845 he married Mary Moffat, Robert Moffat’s daughter. We climbed great precipices in search of plants, the nicest of which always select the most abominable situations". Mary Livingstone (née Moffat) was born in 1821 and died on April 27, 1862. Mary had a lifelong distrust of ox-drawn wagons because she was afraid of being overturned, and her fears came true on at least one occasion. was eager to be back at Kuruman. ", November e-newsletter of the RSGS: Events with Jeremy Bowen and Michael Palin, Climate Solutions Accelerator, Mollie Hughes Event, GeoQuizzical, Hamish Macinnes Obituary. She came from a Christian family and she met Robert Moffat whilst he was a prospective missionary working as a gardener for her father. Livingstone, meanwhile, was haunted by the vision of a “remote and shining lake” which he had heard about, on the other side of the Kalahari. Monthly geography quiz of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society. Tartan shawls and bonnets arrived, gifts from Livingstone’s sisters back in Hamilton. Your data may also be used for analysis purposes, to help us provide the best service possible. Mary Livingstone (née Moffat; 12 April 1821 – 27 April 1862) was the wife of the Scottish Congregationalist missionary David Livingstone. 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